What are the Native American Tribes in Arizona?

Arizona is home to a rich and diverse Native American culture that has existed for thousands of years. With 22 federally recognized tribes, the state is a hub of ancient traditions and contemporary art forms. Here are five Native American Tribes that call Arizona home:

Navajo Nation

Navajo Nation is the largest Native American tribe in the United States, spreads over 27,000 square miles in Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico. It has a population of more than 300,000. The Navajo Nation is known for their intricate weaving style, excellent silversmithing, and deep-rooted livestock culture. Their reservation has 17 million acres of land and serves as a popular tourist destination.


The Hopi tribe is one of the oldest cultures in North America, and their land sits entirely within Arizona’s boundaries. The Hopi Reservation is approximately 1.5 million acres in size and has 12 villages that rise steeply from the floor of the Navajo Nation. The tribe is famous for its distinctive pottery designs and spiritual traditions.

Akimel O’odham (Pima)

The Akimel O’odham (Pima) tribe primarily resides in southern Arizona, with communities in Phoenix and Tucson. The tribe’s reservation covers 372,000 acres and extends down to the Mexican border. Water and land are sacred components of their culture, and the Pima people are known for their extensive knowledge of agriculture and creation stories.

Tohono O’odham

The Tohono O’odham indigenous people are primarily located in southwestern Arizona near Tucson. The tribe’s name means “Desert People,” and their culture has a strong connection to the land’s natural rhythms. The Tohono O’odham Tribal Nation is the second-largest tribe in Arizona, with approximately 34,000 enrolled members.

Yavapai-Apache Nation

The Yavapai-Apache Nation is located in Arizona’s Verde Valley, and the tribe’s ancestors have been in the region for thousands of years. The tribe has two distinct cultural groups—The Yavapai of the Upper Verde River and the Tonto Apache. The Nation has a population of approximately 2,500 and is known for its intricate beadwork and basket weaving.

In conclusion, each Native American Tribe in Arizona has a unique cultural heritage, personality, and artistic style. These tribes are a crucial part of our local history and should be celebrated and recognized for their contributions to Arizona’s culture.

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