The Traditions and Customs of Chinese New Year

Chinese New Year, also known as the Spring Festival, is the most important festival for the Chinese community all over the world. Celebrated on the first day of the Chinese lunar calendar, the festival usually falls between late January and mid-February. It is a time of reunion and joy, with elaborate customs and traditions that go back over 4,000 years.

The Legend and History

The legend behind Chinese New Year dates back to ancient times. According to the legend, a monster named Nian would come out of hiding during the winter, attacking villages and eating crops, livestock and even villagers. One year, an old beggar came to one of the villages and instructed the villagers on how to scare away the monster. The villagers did as they were told and successfully scared Nian away by posting red paper decorations and setting off firecrackers. Ever since then, people have celebrated the new year by hanging red banners and setting off firecrackers and fireworks.

Preparing for the New Year

Preparations for Chinese New Year usually start a few weeks before the festival itself. Houses are cleaned to get rid of any bad luck or misfortunes from the previous year. This process is known as ‘sweeping the dust,’ and it is believed that by doing so, people are sweeping away any negative energy from their homes.


During Chinese New Year, red decorations can be seen everywhere. Red is considered to be an auspicious color in Chinese culture, symbolizing good fortune, success, and happiness. Additionally, decorations like Chinese couplets, which are phrases of good wishes written on red paper, and lanterns are hung outside houses as a way of welcoming the New Year.

Family Reunions

On New Year’s Eve, it is customary for families to get together for a reunion dinner. The dinner is one of the most important events of the festival, and it is a time for family members to catch up and enjoy a delicious meal together. During the dinner, it is traditional to eat a variety of dishes as a way of symbolizing abundance and prosperity.

Gift Giving

Gift-giving is common during Chinese New Year. Children are given red envelopes filled with money, known as “hongbao”, from elders or parents as a symbol of good luck and blessings. The amount of money in the envelope and the decoration on the envelope itself are very important, as they represent the wishes for wealth and prosperity.


The traditions and customs surrounding Chinese New Year are rich and meaningful. It is a time of renewal, hope, and joy, as people look forward to the start of a new year. The festival serves as a reminder of the importance of family, community, and tradition in Chinese culture, and it is celebrated with great enthusiasm by Chinese people all over the world.

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