Biden vs Trump Economy Numbers Chart

The economy is always a key issue during any presidential election. In 2020, the race between Joe Biden and Donald Trump was no exception. Both candidates made various claims about their economic plans and achievements while in office.

In this blog post, we will take a detailed look at the economy numbers during the Biden and Trump administrations. By analyzing relevant data, we can evaluate the economic performance of each president and gain a better understanding of how their policies impacted key indicators.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Employment
  3. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  4. Stock Market
  5. National Debt
  6. Conclusion


Before diving into the numbers, it’s important to note that evaluating the economy’s performance solely based on the actions of the president is an oversimplification. Economic trends are influenced by various factors, including global conditions, monetary policy, and fiscal decisions made by Congress.

Nonetheless, by reviewing the economic data during each presidency, we can get a sense of how Biden and Trump’s policies impacted the economy.


One of the most critical indicators of economic health is employment. The number of jobs created or lost during a presidency provides insight into the overall strength of the labor market.

During Trump’s presidency, employment numbers initially saw significant growth, including the creation of 6.7 million jobs between January 2017 and December 2019. However, the COVID-19 pandemic led to steep job losses in 2020, with approximately 22 million jobs lost in March and April alone. By the end of his term, the economy had recovered 12.3 million jobs.

When it comes to Biden’s presidency, he took office in the midst of the pandemic. As of August 2021, the economy had added around 4.5 million jobs since Biden’s inauguration. While the pace of job creation has been slower compared to Trump’s pre-pandemic performance, it’s worth noting that the economic recovery from the pandemic is an ongoing process.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

GDP is a measure of a country’s economic output. It reflects the value of all goods and services produced within a specific period.

During Trump’s presidency, the GDP growth rate reached its peak at 2.9% in 2018, fueled by tax cuts and increased government spending. However, the growth rate gradually declined in 2019 and contracted significantly by 2020 due to the pandemic.

Biden’s presidency began with a contracting GDP in the first quarter of 2021. However, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the GDP bounced back with impressive growth of 6.5% in the second quarter of 2021. This growth can be attributed to increased consumption and government spending.

Stock Market

The stock market is often seen as a barometer of investor confidence and economic performance.

Under Trump, the stock market experienced significant growth. Indices like the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S&P 500 reached record highs during his tenure. However, it’s important to note that the stock market’s performance doesn’t necessarily reflect the financial well-being of the broader population, as stock ownership is heavily concentrated among wealthier individuals.

Biden inherited a strong stock market from his predecessor. As of August 2021, stock indices continue to perform well, albeit with some fluctuations. Factors such as corporate earnings, interest rates, and investor sentiment influence short-term market movements.

National Debt

National debt is the total amount of money owed by the federal government. It is an important indicator of fiscal policy and can impact economic stability.

During Trump’s presidency, the national debt increased by approximately $7.8 trillion, reaching a total of over $27 trillion by the end of 2020. Tax cuts and increased government spending contributed to the rising debt.

Concerns about the national debt have also surfaced during Biden’s presidency. His proposed infrastructure plans and efforts to combat the pandemic have the potential to add to the debt burden. However, the Biden administration argues that investments in infrastructure and human capital will stimulate economic growth and make the economy more competitive.


When comparing the economy numbers during the Biden and Trump administrations, it is important to consider the context in which each president operated. Trump’s presidency saw strong employment gains, GDP growth, and a thriving stock market until the pandemic hit. Biden, on the other hand, took office amidst the pandemic but has since overseen a gradual economic recovery.

The judgments on economic performance can be subjective and influenced by individual perspectives. Ultimately, the long-term consequences of economic policies take time to fully materialize. It will be years before the full impact of the Biden administration’s policies can be accurately assessed.

Nevertheless, understanding the economy numbers and trends during each presidency provides valuable insights into the economic challenges faced by both leaders.


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