Biden vs Trump Economy Chart: A Comparative Analysis

When it comes to evaluating the performance of a country’s economy, there is often a focus on the president’s role and impact. The United States has recently witnessed two significant presidential terms, those of Donald Trump and Joe Biden. Both presidents have implemented various economic policies and claimed credit for positive outcomes. In this blog post, we will delve into a detailed analysis of the Biden vs Trump economy chart, examining key indicators, policies, and their effects on the nation’s economic well-being.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Biden’s Economic Agenda
  3. Trump’s Economic Agenda
  4. Comparison of Key Indicators
  5. Effects of Policies
  6. Conclusion


The United States’ economy is a vast and complex system influenced by numerous factors. The policies set forth by the president have the potential to shape national economic growth, employment rates, stock market performance, and more. As we compare the economic performance under Joe Biden and Donald Trump, it is important to remember the contextual circumstances each president faced. Donald Trump took office in 2017 amidst a stable economy, while Joe Biden began his presidency in 2021 during a global pandemic-induced recession.

Biden’s Economic Agenda

Joe Biden’s economic approach centers around the idea of “building back better.” A key component of his agenda is the American Rescue Plan, a $1.9 trillion stimulus package aimed at assisting individuals, businesses, and state governments affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The plan includes direct payments to individuals, funding for vaccine distribution, extended unemployment benefits, and aid for small businesses.

Furthermore, Biden has proposed significant infrastructure investments through the American Jobs Plan. This $2.3 trillion proposal aims to modernize the nation’s infrastructure, boost clean energy initiatives, create jobs, and address climate change. Additionally, the American Families Plan, with a price tag of $1.8 trillion, seeks to invest in education, childcare, and healthcare to support American families.

Trump’s Economic Agenda

During his term, Donald Trump emphasized several economic policies focused on deregulation and tax cuts. His administration passed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, which slashed corporate tax rates from 35% to 21% and provided individual tax cuts for most income brackets. Trump aimed to stimulate economic growth, attract businesses, and create job opportunities through these tax reductions.

Additionally, Trump implemented several deregulatory measures aimed at reducing bureaucratic burdens on businesses. Throughout his presidency, he sought to eliminate two regulations for every new one implemented. The administration argued that deregulation would encourage entrepreneurship, investment, and economic growth.

Comparison of Key Indicators

In order to evaluate the economic performance under Biden and Trump, we will examine various key indicators, including GDP growth rate, unemployment rate, stock market performance, and wage growth.

GDP Growth Rate

The GDP growth rate reflects the expansion of a country’s economy. During the Trump presidency, GDP growth reached a high of 3% in 2018, fueled partly by the tax cuts and deregulation policies. However, in 2020, amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, the GDP growth rate plummeted to -3.5%. On the other hand, Biden’s presidency began with a focus on economic recovery, and the GDP growth rate bounced back to 6.4% in the first quarter of 2021.

Unemployment Rate

The unemployment rate is an essential indicator of labor market health. Under Donald Trump, the unemployment rate experienced a steady decline from 4.7% in January 2017 to 3.5% in February 2020, the lowest recorded in several decades. However, the pandemic caused a spike to 14.8% in April 2020. By April 2021, under Biden’s presidency, the unemployment rate had fallen to 6.1%. While this represents a significant improvement from the peak of the pandemic, it is important to note that recovery is an ongoing process.

Stock Market Performance

The stock market is often seen as a barometer of economic confidence. During the Trump administration, the stock market experienced consistent growth. For instance, the S&P 500 index rose by approximately 70% from January 2017 to January 2021. Despite initial pandemic-induced volatility, the stock market quickly rebounded and reached new heights under Biden. As of June 2021, the S&P 500 had climbed more than 35% since Biden’s inauguration.

Wage Growth

Wage growth is a vital indicator of how workers are faring in terms of income. Under Trump, wage growth generally saw modest gains. In 2019, median household income increased by 6.8% compared to 2016. However, wage growth stagnated in 2020 due to the pandemic. With Biden’s emphasis on supporting workers and raising minimum wage, we can expect wage growth to become a more prominent indicator in the coming years.

Effects of Policies

The economic policies implemented by both presidents have had significant effects on various aspects of the economy. While it is challenging to attribute specific outcomes solely to presidential policies, it is worthwhile to consider their influence.

For instance, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 potentially contributed to increased business investment and job creation during the Trump administration. The reduced corporate tax rate allowed businesses to retain more revenue and potentially facilitated expansion. However, critics argue that the majority of the tax cuts benefited the top percentile of earners, exacerbating income inequality.

On the other hand, Biden’s American Rescue Plan injected substantial funds into the economy, providing immediate relief to individuals and businesses struggling during the pandemic. The plan’s provisions also targeted vulnerable populations, such as the expansion of the child tax credit and increased subsidies for healthcare. These measures are intended to stimulate consumer spending, bolster economic recovery, and address wealth disparities. However, concerns have been raised regarding the potential impact on the national debt and inflation.


Evaluating the performance of the economy under different presidencies is a complex task. Both Donald Trump and Joe Biden implemented substantial economic policies and faced unique challenges during their terms. While Trump focused on deregulation and tax cuts to stimulate economic growth, Biden’s approach emphasizes substantial investments in infrastructure and social programs.

As we examine the Biden vs Trump economy chart, it is clear that each president’s tenure occurred under different circumstances, including the COVID-19 pandemic. Nevertheless, key indicators such as GDP growth, unemployment, stock market performance, and wage growth provide insights into the effects of their policies.

It is important to consider these indicators when evaluating the overall economic performance of a president, but additional factors, such as global events and structural economic changes, must also be acknowledged. Only through a holistic analysis can we gain a comprehensive understanding of the impact of presidential policies on the country’s economy.


  1. Bureau of Labor Statistics – Unemployment Rate
  2. Statista – U.S. Annual GDP Growth
  3. Reuters – U.S. GDP Grows 6.4% in First Quarter
  4. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas – Unemployment Rate
  5. MarketWatch – S&P 500 Index

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